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Learn the Facts About Psychology and Psychologists
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What is Psychology?

According to www.dictionary.com, psychology is defined as “the science of the mind or of mental states and processes.” Common terms used in the field of psychology are defined in the psychological glossary.

 


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Who are psychologists?

Psychologists are doctors of behavioral and mental health. Psychology is one of a number of fields offering education and training to provide mental health services, but psychology is one of only two professions that requires education to the doctoral level and that prepares all of its graduates to practice independently.

Psychologists are experts in diagnosing mental health problems and their causes, and they are skilled at developing action plans to address them.

Educational Background:

Psychologists must complete an extensive, science-based curriculum in biology, research, statistics, diagnosis, treatment and ethics. Psychologists’ rigorous educational and training programs always include at least five years of graduate study, at least one year of internship or residency, and one additional year of supervised postdoctoral clinical work. The rigor and breadth of psychologists’ education uniquely qualifies them to offer mental health services of the highest quality.

 


 

What is the difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist?

Psychiatrists evaluate physical health and prescribe medication to treat a problem and psychologists identify the behavior or thought problems and provide psychological treatment, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, family interventions or training to sustain lifestyle changes (e.g. heart attack recovery).



 

WHAT Is the difference between a Phd and psyd?

PhD means doctor of philosophy while PsyD stands for Doctor of Psychology. PhD students go through a more research based program in school. PsyD programs are more for individuals who want clinical training and have little interest in research.

 


 

What does a psychologist do?

  • Evaluate and treat individuals who are suffering, whether from a serious mental illness (such as depression or panic attacks), a developmental disorder (such as autism), a Serious physical disease (such as breast cancer)
  • Help people deal with life stresses
  • Help families as individual family members struggle with such difficult questions, such as whether to undergo organ transplantation or what to do about end-of-life care.
  • Work with other health care professionals to help treat physical illness — psychological interventions can help decrease blood pressure, manage chronic or acute pain or maintain a complex medication regimen.
  • Work with employers, often “behind the scenes,” to help create work environments that promote good mental health and improve manager-employee communication, employee satisfaction and general productivity.
  • Work in schools to decrease behavioral problems, improve student performance and enhance self-esteem.