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Expanding Opportunities through PSYPACT

Posted By Karen J. Hardin, Monday, September 14, 2020

Legislative Call to Action: Click here to Support PSYPACT in Ohio by Writing a Letter to Your Legislator!

Written by: Mark Babula, PsyD | Regional Representative, Toledo Area Academy of Professional Psychologists | Member, Communications and Technology Committee

In 2017 I was given the honor of attending the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Board (ASPPB) Summit on the Psychology Interjurisdictional Compact (PSYPACT). Psychologists and legislators from all over our country gathered together to learn about and discuss how this compact could benefit so many.  When I began learning about PSYPACT, I did not know what a compact even was. I have since learned it is a way for states and other jurisdictions, such as Washington, D.C. and Puerto Rico, to work together through an agreement. The specific purpose of PSYPACT is to help states and other jurisdictions cooperate to provide psychological services to those in need. 

A main component of PSYPACT is to allow for telepsychology practice across state lines. As clients travel for business, school, vacation, or numerous other reasons, continuity of care can be difficult. We, as psychologists, then face the dilemma of how best to provide for their care. I have encountered some practitioners who, unintentionally, practiced illegally by continuing sessions by phone or video when they or a client were out of state. Others do their best to transition to another provider locally. This has been an issue for college students, spending several months in one area and then several months in another. The current pandemic has made the difficulties all the more apparent, with these disruptions happening so suddenly.

What has also become more apparent is the ability to conduct sessions remotely. Although the pandemic situation has increased the need for these services, remote therapy services existed before the pandemic and will persist into the future. Along with continuity of care, access is another focus of PSYPACT. There are individuals living in rural areas, lacking transportation, coping with mobility issues, and facing other obstacles to accessing mental health services. PSYPACT expands the pool of providers able to serve these individuals, and promotes use of telepsychology as a field. PSYPACT also reduces barriers, allowing psychologists with specialty practices, and clients with special needs, to connect more easily. This can help to overcome cultural differences, language barriers, and other obstacles that may arise when resources are limited. Research has repeatedly supported the efficacy of services delivered through video chat. By choice or necessity, many of us have transitioned to conducting all or portions of our practices this way and many plan to continue doing so.

PSYPACT also has a provision for temporary, in-person practice across state lines. Many states already allow for this, but PSYPACT consolidates and streamlines the process. This can, again, allow for increased access to specialty services and help to increase resources in areas in which mental health service is limited.

It is nice to think back to when I attended the ASPPB summit and first heard about PSYPACT.   Particularly in these isolating and divisive times, I remember how people gathered together to work on a project meant to be unifying and inclusive. Since that time, PSYPACT has become active nationally: 15 states have already passed PSYPACT into law, with 12 more states and Washington, D.C. having pending legislation to enact it.  Currently, legislation for PSYPACT has passed in the Ohio State Senate, and it is preparing to be heard and voted on in the House of Representatives. If passed, PSYPACT becomes law in Ohio, giving Ohio psychologists and other residents the benefits noted above. Psychologists would then need to apply for an E.Passport to provide telepsychological services or an Interjurisdictional Practice Certificate (IPC) for temporary in-person practice.  In the end, this agreement would allow Ohio psychologists to legally and ethically provide all telespychological services to any of the cooperating jurisdictions who have also joined PSYPACT. 

For anyone wanting more information, ASPPB has organized a wealth of information about PSYPACT including its history, procedures, and benefits at https://psypact.org/.  Members of the OPA Advocacy committee recently drafted a letter to help psychologists advocate for PSYCPACT with their local representatives; this letter has been emailed to all OPA members and it only a takes a couple minutes to send it along its way.  With everyone’s help, we can get PSYPACT passed and put into motion in the very near future, when it is needed more than ever.

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Protecting ourselves while also helping others: Self-care is what the cool kids are doing!

Posted By Kelly Martincin, PhD | Communications and Technology Committee Co-Chair, Wednesday, June 24, 2020

Creating a culture shift in the wellness paradigm.  

Written by: Kelly Martincin, Ph.D., Co-chair of OPA Communications and Technology Committee, Chair of OPA Public Sector Interests Committee

As with all CTC blog postings, this column is not intended for medical, legal, or ethical advice; it is purely for information sharing and is the experience of one psychologist attempting to be useful to her peers during a very difficult time.   Several weeks ago, Mr. Michael Ranney, CEO of OPA, shared the “Stress in the time of COVID” article from APA, which captured something fairly obvious to most people – Americans are STRESSED.  This article stated that 67% of Americans are reporting they are experiencing stress related to the government response to COVID 19, and people of color are experiencing higher rates of stress than white adults.  Similarly, you may have seen the previous CTC blog postings by my colleagues Drs. Bryant and Quinn about the stress that Ohio psychologists are facing related to returning to the office and the difficulty in making decisions as a result of the pandemic, or some of my writing about my reactions to the murder of George Floyd and others and the resulting protests.  These are difficult times for everyone.    

Even in normal times, stress is pervasive in American society; however, a pandemic with recent reminders of the dramatic racial disparities in society clearly escalates our stress levels.  Furthermore, the pandemic complicates our ability to cope with stress. Risks to one’s health and the health of family and other loved ones are constantly on one’s mind; for many people, work has been dramatically impacted with some people working longer hours and others working fewer hours resulting in loss of income.  Additionally, common outlets for stress such as going to the gym or getting dinner with friends have either been taken away completely or become incredibly complicated.  All of this continues to ratchet up our stress, which we have to address or else we – and our patients - will suffer. 

One common trait that I notice amongst psychologists (and I definitely include myself in this group) is that we have a tendency to neglect our own self-care.  I spend my day touting the importance of maintaining one’s emotional wellness to patients and sometimes even co-workers, but then I will go home mindlessly push through my own “to do” list.  I might even skip meals or extra sleep to make sure I attend to something I believe “needs” to be done.  It takes a lot for me to pull myself out of the “do more” mindset and schedule time for meditation, a yoga session/other workout, or even a favorite activity such as reading a book.  When I am able to get myself into the “groove” of doing these things, I know I am better for myself and I often feel more effective at work, thus I hope I am also better able to serve my patients.  So how do we get out of the stress cycle right now, to help both ourselves and others?

Whenever I think self-care, I think of OPA’s wellness guru, Dr. Howard Fradkin, the chair of OPA’s Prevention and Wellness program.  I reached out to Dr. Fradkin earlier and mentioned my dilemma to him.  He framed the question in an incredibly eloquent fashion:  

“You know how health-conscious leaders are now having to promote wearing a mask as a cool way to protect yourself while giving the gift of health to others?  What if we thought about self-care practices in the same way—both as a cool way to protect ourselves while giving the gift of health to others?”  

I love the paradigm shift that Dr. Fradkin proposes.  As psychologists, we have long known that mental health IS physical health.  Why am I willing to wear a mask to protect myself and others, but yet it’s so hard to block an extra 15 minutes of my day for meditation or another self-care activity?  And more importantly, I’m more than willing to promote public health measures and even work to make them trendy – why can’t I do the same for self-care?  I was thinking about this earlier in the week when a coworker complimented me on my mask (I have several at this point and I’ve been trying to match them to my outfits).  I actively work at trying to make public health fashionable, how can I do the same for self-care?   They are, after all, the same.  

To answer my own question, here is what I came up:  First and foremost, start at home.  What areas of your self-care have you been neglecting?  Here are some ideas:  

  • If you want some support in this area, OPA has you covered.  The Prevention and Wellness Program routinely host Self-Care Assemblies, co-facilitated by Dr. Fradkin and Dr. Tishler.  This is “a safe and open forum to talk about what challenges you are currently facing and to share your cool wisdom you have been learning during the pandemic.”  Visit the PWP page to learn more and pay attention to the OPA announcements for when the next one will be hosted!  These events fill up fast! 
  • I routinely use meditation as part of my practice at work, but bringing this home has been a struggle.  I found this review from the NY times helpful in picking an app to bring some structure to my personal practice.  There are also lots of great free options (some from major medical centers) such as VA’s Mindfulness Coach, Cleveland Clinic’s Stress Free Now, and more.  
  • Perhaps you’ve been needing a physical outlet for stress.  The CDC has multiple pages of information on maintaining our physical wellness during COVID 19, including overcoming barriers to physical activity during this difficult time.  
  • Don’t forget to keep your social relationships strong right now!  It’s been a while since I’ve actually seen most friends and family in person, but I’ve had several people recommend scheduling a phone call or video visit once a week to a connect with a loved one.  Find what works for you, but consider scheduling it the way you would have scheduled a dinner or coffee date with that person pre-pandemic.
  • Also strongly consider taking time to take an internal appraisal of your own mental health at least once a week.  We’re so good at spotting signs of distress and burn out in others, but are we missing the signs in ourselves?  It only takes a minute to ask ourselves a few basic questions:  How is my mood today?  How am I sleeping?  Has my ability to concentrate changed?  Have patterns such as my eating or alcohol use changed?  Am I experiencing any physical symptoms such as headaches or stomach aches?  Anything that might worry us in our patients should also be attended to in our own lives.  

Next task, how do we get others on-board for what could hopefully become a wellness wave?  How do we advertise and make this “cool” to do?  This seems like a bigger challenge, but these are some ideas:

  • I’m going to try to be better about sharing with friends the new things I’m trying.  For example, if I find an online yoga class, perhaps I’ll call a friend to join me instead of logging in alone. 
  • It’s also a good idea to ask others to share what they’re doing to care for themselves, for instance I reached out to Dr. Fradkin asking for his expertise in this area.  Inviting others to help us brainstorm for our own self-care practice can help build the hype!
  • I’m also going to be re-framing my language that I use both with myself and with others that self-care is also care for others.  I’m better for my family, my friends, and my patients when I’m well rested and less stressed, so using this language is important.
  • Social media can also be a very powerful tool.  I already follow OPA on my social media accounts and share upcoming events as well as articles from the CDC, WHO, and major news outlets about public health.  We can all use this tool for sharing more about self-care and wellness tools.  

Making changes for ourselves is certainly hard, and encouraging others to make changes is even harder.  Shifting the paradigm of self-care won’t be easy, especially in the midst of a pandemic, however it’s not impossible.  I invite everyone to join me in making it a priority!   

Have a topic that you’d like to see covered in a future CTC blog post?  Please email me and let CTC do the research for you!

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Town Hall titled Unlocking the Lockdown: Keying into Reopening Your Psychological Practice Virtual (PART 2)

Posted By Keelan Quin, PhD | Co-Chair, Communication and Technology Committee, Monday, June 15, 2020

Written by: Keelan Quinn, PhD, Co-Chair of Communication and Technology Committee

As indicated in last week’s CTC blog, OPA hosted an online event titled Unlocking the Lockdown: Keying into Reopening Your Psychological Practice Virtual Town Hall on June 5, 2020.  Panelists were invited to speak in the areas of public health and medicine, professional practice issues, insurance and billing, and legal and ethical considerations.  The complete event can be viewed online.  The first half of the town hall was reviewed in last week’s blog, while this post will cover the areas of insurance and billing as well as legal and ethical considerations. 

Dr. Jim Broyles is the Director of Professional Affairs for OPA.  He has served in numerous positions in OPA over the years and he currently co-chairs Leadership Development Academy.  Dr. Broyles also has a private practice in Grove City, Ohio and he specializes in working with children, adolescents, families, and LGBT issues.  In his speech for the town hall, Dr. Broyles identified a number of misconceptions working their way through the field and provided the following key points: 

Insurance companies will not be ending telehealth coverage anytime soon.  Almost all have already extended their original cutoff dates and many more have coincided their expirations with the end of the current state of emergency in the country. 

Most insurance companies already covered telehealth services prior to COVID-19, however, there were many stipulations that resulted in significant barriers to widespread use.  For example, telehealth had to occur on specific web-based platforms, attestations had to go directly though the company, visual and auditory were mandatory, etc.  These requirements became more relaxed when COVID spread to the United States resulting in businesses having to close, mandatory quarantines, and stay at home orders being issued.  It is Dr. Broyles’ opinion that the previous standards will be reinstated once the current state of emergency has ended. He stated insurance companies are doing a good job monitoring the current situation.  They are responding to clinicians’ needs and will likely continue revising their services as necessary. 

Bob Stinson, Psy.D., J.D., LICDC-CS, ABPP, is a board-certified forensic psychologist, an attorney at law, and a licensed independent chemical dependency counselor – clinical supervisor.  He has had many roles in the forensics field and taught numerous college-level courses.  He also lectures across the country in the areas of mental health law and ethics.  Dr. Stinson holds membership in several legal and psychological professional associations as well.  At OPA, he is a Past-President and past-chair of the Ethics Committee.  In his law practice, he represents professionals as it relates to licensing board issues and related matters.  Dr. Stinson organized his presentation for the town hall around three areas described below.

Basic Considerations for Employers

Employers should discourage anyone from coming into work who have flu-like symptoms. 

Employers are able to require symptom checks/screenings if they use accurate and reliable measures.  This allows uniform procedures while avoiding discrimination.  Employers can also have a policy in place that requires employees and clients to do self-assessments using the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines.  These procedures should all be described and indicated in a written agreement. 

Employers are allowed to inquire if employees have tested positive for COVID, but employees are not required to voluntarily come forward to inform employers of a positive diagnosis; however, employers can put policies into place requiring such a report.  If this policy is developed, be sure it includes a specific process that limits discrimination.  It could be helpful to have employees make reports to an individual who does not have authority in the office. 

Paid sick leave is available for employers testing positive with COVID or those required to care for individuals who are diagnosed. 

Employers are currently not required to report positive diagnoses to the health department.

Considerations for Returning to In-Person Services

Clinicians are not professionally obligated to offer face to face services. 

Ask yourself if it is necessary to see people in-person.  Take into account the client’s internet access, knowledge of telehealth, and treatment.  Always review the risks.

Implement policies to protect both employees and clients that limit exposure.  For example, open windows for ventilation, ask clients to wait in cars prior to their appointment times, wear masks and gloves, use hand sanitizer and tissues, agree to do self-assessments, etc.  Be sure to describe what happens if clients choose not to come into the office. 

Remember, services can always revert back to telehealth or referrals can be made if they insist on in-person services you are unable to provide. 

Have Special Informed Consent for the Transition to In-Person Services

Having a COVID-specific informed consent for returning to in-person services does not replace regular informed consent forms.  This paperwork identifies precautions and responsibilities you place on clients.  Include what you will do if you have symptoms as well as a statement on the limits of confidentiality (for example, you may be required to report COVID cases if current policies change in the future). 

All clinicians take on liability by practicing in the field of psychology.  Remember, in order for there to be liability, there must be three elements: 1) A professional duty to the client, 2) a breach in that duty, and 3) evidence that the injury is caused by that breach.  Dr. Stinson stated this may be difficult to do in regards to the spread of COVID-19.

At the end of the Town Hall, I was relieved to finally have so much information coming directly from the professionals.  Like so many other psychologists, I am not an expert in medicine, ethics, insurance, or the law, but these are the areas so many of my questions and worries come from.  Before last Friday, I had heard contradicting information on various measures and worried I was making errors in my own transition back to the office.  I similarly worried about insurance coverage and ethical/legal matters.  After attending the Town Hall and listening to the real experts in these areas, I now feel more knowledgeable and confident in the procedures and policies I plan to put in place when it comes to COVID.   Many thanks to the wonderful presenters and OPA staff who clearly worked so hard to present such helpful information for Ohio’s psychologists as we all begin exploring our “new normal” together!


Disclaimer: This post is for informational purposes only and it is intended to assist other clinicians in the practice of psychology.  It is not intended for legal, ethical, clinical, or medical advice.

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Town Hall titled Unlocking the Lockdown: Keying into Reopening Your Psychological Practice Virtual (PART 1)

Posted By Keelan Quin, PhD | Co-Chair, Communication and Technology Committee, Thursday, June 11, 2020

Written by: Keelan Quin, PhD - Co-Chair, Communication and Technology Committee

OPA hosted an online event titled Unlocking the Lockdown: Keying into Reopening Your Psychological Practice Virtual Town Hall on June 5, 2020.  Panelists were invited to speak in the areas of public health and medicine, professional practice issues, insurance and billing, and legal and ethical considerations.  More than 50 OPA members were able to attend and gain answers to questions we are all asking.  The complete event can be viewed here.  This blog will focus on the first half of the town hall covering the areas of public health and medicine and professional practice issues.  Stay tuned for next week’s post to learn more about the second half.  

Public Health and Medicine
Heidi Gullett, MD, MPH is an associate professor in the Center for Community Health Integration at Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), a liaison at the Cuyahoga County Board of Health, and medical director of the Health Improvement Partnership-Cuyahoga (HIP-Cuyahoga), a large cross-sector community health improvement consortium.  

Dr. Gullett began Friday’s night’s discussion with an update of Ohio’s statistics related to COVID-19.  There are currently more than 37,000 cases and over 2,300 deaths in Ohio- numbers that are expected to increase with the reopening of public places.  She stated it is important to know and understand the context of COVID in your local areas as well as the overall impact for the state.  

With the message of “this is a marathon, not sprint,” Dr. Gullett reiterated that COVID is not expected to disappear anytime soon.  Taking the proper precautions now will build healthier habits for a possible next round expected to come in the fall or winter of 2020.  Here are some of the many helpful suggestions Dr. Gullett discussed:

Social distancing is absolutely critical.  Although the standard recommendation is six feet, no exact number is known; in other words, COVID can be contracted in a distance either more or less than six feet.  

Send the message that the purpose of social distancing is to protect. Talk “very intentionally” about what social distancing means and the exact expectations of both clients and clinicians (e.g., wait in vehicles until appointment times, do not sit next to individuals outside of your family, no physical contact, etc.).  She stated no one can be too concrete with their explanations because social distancing is not the norm for so many Americans and it is easy to forget.  

It is possible to require health assessments for both clinicians and clients to come into the office.  The expectations must be extremely specific and concrete.  For example, instead of saying “Don’t come in if you experience flu-like symptoms,” list out the symptoms: “Please do not come in if you have a fever of more than 100 degrees Fahrenheit; have a cough and/or shortness of breath; experience any two of the following: fever, chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat.” This means both going in to work as well as going out in public for any reason other than to pursue medical treatment (e.g. grocery shopping). 

Facial coverings protect the wearer from receiving and projecting the virus.  Dr. Gullet indicated she would not feel comfortable sitting in a room with someone for 50 minutes with no masks in place, even with six feet between all individuals.  Air circulation, movement, and talking styles must all be taken into account.  Face shields are used by some, but there is still potential to contract COVID.  

It is critically important to wash hands as well as commonly used items.  Use cleaners that are meant to kill the coronavirus.  Dr. Gullett indicated a list of alternatives to use when cleaning supplies run out can be found on the Ohio Department of Health’s website.  

Professional Practice Issues
Dr. Matthew Capezzuto, is a clinical psychologist, a clinical social worker, and the founder and Executive Director of Allied Behavioral Health Services, Incorporated- a multi-site behavioral health agency that serves several Northeast Ohio communities.  As an administrator, he has developed vast working knowledge of the intricacies of the behavioral health care industry and the continuously evolving regulatory standards that govern the practices of behavioral health care providers. He presented with Dr. Virginia Fowkes Clark, who is a clinical psychologist who provides treatment to clients of all ages with a specialty in the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents. She has owned and directed a group private practice, Western Reserve Psychological Associates, Inc., and she is presently the Vice President of Professional Practice for OPA and on the Insurance Committee.

It is Dr. Capezzuto’s recommendation that telepsychology services continue where possible.  To provide a framework for conceptualizing a reopening, he focused on the areas of solo practice, small group, large group, and agency.  Below are key points in his discussion. 

In each of these areas, it is very important to be aware of state licensing rules for telehealth as well as reopening, emergency revisions, state orders, and limitations for implementing practices.  

Develop a reopening policy to put in place.  It can start at one to two pages, but expect to update it with each change in rules and guidelines in the future.  It can be helpful to receive input from clinicians (which will help with their compliance) and hold regular meetings to review and revise as necessary.  

The biggest lesson is to protect yourself from COVID.  Clinicians are under no obligation to return to in-person services.  If this is the chosen path, be aware of legal liabilities, civil suits (by clients, family, visitors, staff), and potential violations of federal, state, or local rules.  

Always evaluate your ability to maintain supplies to ensure care of yourself and others.  

Dr. Clark added that documentation is key during the process of reopening.  Clinicians should be able to justify their decisions of whether to see clients through telepsychology or in-person.  Many professional organizations have already provided sample forms, such as the following: 

Sample informed consent form for resuming in-person services by APA

Guidelines for Psychological Routine Care Reopening by the Arkansas Department of Health

A number of COVID-related resources can be found on OPA’s website

Go directly to your liability insurance provider for their recommended guidelines for reopening, forms, and legal guidance

Go online to view the complete town hall.  It was very beneficial for those able to join.  Like so many other online events that have occurred since COVID came to the United States, it was nice to see those in our field come together to learn, ask questions, and support one another.  I was very glad to see that many of the attendants were asking the same questions bouncing around in my own head.  This is yet another example of how OPA has helped create a sense of community to let me know that I am not alone.  Please return next week to learn more about the second half of this town hall focusing on insurance and billing and legal and ethical considerations. 


Disclaimer: This post is for informational purposes only and it is intended to assist other clinicians in the practice of psychology.  It is not intended for legal, ethical, clinical, or medical advice.  

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Fighting to Breathe – If the Air is Toxic for One, it’s Toxic for All

Posted By Karen J. Hardin, Monday, June 1, 2020

Written by: Kelly Martincin, PhD, Co-chair of OPA Communications and Technology Committee, Chair of OPA Public Sector Interests Committee

As with all CTC blog postings, this column is not intended for medical, legal, or ethical advice; it is purely for information sharing and is the experience of one psychologist attempting to be useful to her peers during a very difficult time.  While I typically do try not to disclose too much personal information in these blog postings, I feel it’s important to share that I identify as a White, cis-gender woman.  My lens of privilege cannot be ignored as I share my thoughts on race and social justice.  Similar to many others, I often feel powerless to change the horrible dynamics that sometimes feel overwhelming in society, but then I am forced to remind myself that my privilege also gives me power to help.  That is what I am hoping to achieve, at least in a small way, with this blog post today.   

Sadly, I sit at my computer again and my heart is heavy. The tragic murder of George Floyd has provided yet another example of a Black man who did not have to die, and this is becoming all too familiar.  Perhaps you saw my CTC blog a few weeks ago on social divides where I touched on many things that are examples of how we are divided as a nation.  In that article, I mentioned my sadness over the Ahmaud Arbery and Breonna Taylor killings as well as the deeply personal reactions of several of my patients, how they, as people of color, felt unsafe doing everyday things such as jogging or even sleeping in their own beds. As I prepare for work this week, I know I will again be having these conversations because we need to be having these conversations.  People of color need to be seen and heard, and not just by their psychologists.  

The recent murders sadly capture what has already been apparent for many months.  Racial disparities are present in all levels of society.  As highlighted in my previous blog posting, racial minorities are dying of COVID 19 at higher rates than Whites (see CDC website for more info) and unemployment rates are higher for minorities than for Whites (see Bureau of Labor Statistics if you’d like to examine the specific data; employment rates of Blacks was nearly double that of Whites prior to the pandemic).  Furthermore, a 2019 study from the University of Michigan, Rutgers University, and Washington University found that death from excessive use of force by police is the 6th leading cause of death for young Black men and Black men are 2.5x more likely to be killed by police than Whites.  Any one of these facts is highly disturbing, but taken together it’s absolutely breathtaking what a profound structural issue we have at every level of society.  We’re failing dramatically, and we have to do better.  

As one lone person, I sometimes feel rather helpless as to what I can possibly do to help this situation.  As a White person, it’s hard not to get stuck in feelings of guilt about how I’ve benefitted from my privilege and wonder if I’ve ever participated in systems of oppression (it’s nearly impossible to think that I haven’t in some way participated in oppression).  I’m certainly not perfect and I have a long way to go in learning about my privilege and how I can help dismantle racist ideologies in society, but here are some thoughts on ways each one of us can DO SOMETHING: 

  • Acknowledge that we are not in a post-racial society.  I try to avoid using phrases such as “I don’t see color” because color is present, it’s part of our culture, and we can celebrate our differences.  Our use of language should reflect this. 
  • I’ve been trying to take more time to learn about my privilege as a White person.  The author Peggy McIntosh was particularly helpful in providing concrete examples of how privilege is active in my life.   If you are interested, now might be a good time to also examine aspects of privilege in your life and how this might be shaping your worldview. If you feel you have a good handle on the literature available of White privilege, step into the literature on White fragility.  This literature has been helpful for me in understanding why more people don’t step forward into the difficult conversations and act on the problems with race in society today as well as understanding some of my own emotions and struggles. 
  • Be on the lookout for microaggressions, both from yourself and from others.  A microaggression is a brief comment or action (intention or unintentional) that transmits a derogatory message about a stigmatized group.  Often we react to microaggressions by thinking “Was that racist?” or “That was a little bit racist.”  If we’re wondering if a comment or action was racist, it was probably racist and we should say or do something.  There is no such thing as “a little bit racist,” it’s just plain racist, so speak up.  Similarly, if someone gives you feedback that a comment wasn’t entirely appropriate and you weren’t intending to be offensive or were joking, try not to be defensive and take the feedback to heart. Accept that we are all guilty of microaggressions and they are often unintentional.  We should all do our best to remove offensive language including jokes from our vernacular.  
  • Don’t get distracted from the bigger issues.  Like many others, I’ve been horrified by the violence that has resulted from some of the protests this past week, both in my own community and around the country.  I’ve noticed in various forums on social media and on the news that some people have used this as way to distract themselves from the bigger issue of the huge racial disparities in our nation.  While this is difficult to view and should not be encouraged, the violence of these protests is a symptom and not the disease.  If we want to stop this violence, we must work towards racial equality, plain and simple.  Don’t lose focus on what is most important – equality for all. 
  • White people, we can’t focus on our feelings right now.  One area I commonly get caught in is feelings of guilt or shame and wanting to apologize for being White.  I have to realize that this is not about me or my feelings.  We have to put the thoughts and feelings of people of color center stage at this time and make sure they are seen and heard.  It’s far more important that I focus on listening and really understanding the experiences of people of color from their standpoint and I can focus on my own reaction later.  
  • What about supporting Law Enforcement?  Isn’t that ideologically at odds with Black Lives Matter and other groups working to advance racial equality? No!  Definitely not!  We should all support law enforcement and promote healthy dialogue right now too! I’ve self-disclosed a great deal in this blog and I will share one more very important thing.  My partner is a law enforcement officer.  This past week our home has been full of important, heavy conversations about our mutual horror at the death of George Floyd and others.  I promise that you can support Black Lives Matter, believe that there must be huge changes in our nation including elimination of police brutality, while also support law enforcement officers all at the same time – I do.  Law enforcement must be included in these conversations if there is ever to be any meaningful change.  We must support those officers who serve for the right reasons and want to promote healthy change in the culture of law enforcement while also engaging those who might be ambivalent about change to educate them on the opportunities that can come with advancement of peace and equality.  

These are only a few small things that I, as one lone person, can do immediately to try to make a difference.  I encourage you to consider what you, from your unique position and perspective can do.  As psychologists, we each entered this field to make a difference.  The time is now.  Action is needed.  Most of us likely cannot make large sweeping changes on our own, but if we could all find a handful of small ways to make changes, imagine what we could all do together.  

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Using Survey Results to Confirm We Are All In This Together

Posted By Karen J. Hardin, Wednesday, May 27, 2020

Written by: Keelan Quin, PhD - Co-Chair, Communication and Technology Committee | Bailey C. Bryant, PhD


Using Survey Results to Inform Decisions- Dr. Keelan Quinn
Since March of 2020, the United States has been completely turned upside down with the spread of COVID-19 in the United States.  A state of emergency was issued and quarantines were put in place.  Social gatherings were canceled and many common household items were sold out and became unavailable.  Unsurprisingly, our field of psychology was also deeply impacted as so many of us were expected to work remotely from home using telepsychology.  As quarantines began lifting this month, many of us began questioning what we should do in our practices.  Should we return to in-person sessions or continue telepsychology?  If we do return, how do we remain safe?  

Dr. Bailey Bryant, a psychologist in the Cincinnati area, came up with the idea of using an online survey to help her make some of these difficult decisions.  She distributed this survey to an online community of clinicians, of which 60 were able to respond.  As of May 15, 2020, the majority of clinicians who responded continued seeing clients through telepsychology only.  For those who decided not to return to in-person sessions, they indicated they would re-evaluate that choice in a few weeks.  Almost all who were returning to the office were making changes to their practices in some way whether in day-to-day practice or in the physical space.  There was no consensus regarding the clinicians’ confidence in their decision of whether or not to return to the office.  “It is super confusing at best” and “This is SUPER stressful” were two quotes included in survey results to describe this decision-making process.  You can see all results as well as many powerful quotes provided by clinicians here.  

The use of surveys in the field of psychology is nothing new.  For decades, they have provided valuable information for research and evaluations everywhere from universities and hospitals to agencies and private practices.  Another way to use surveys in psychology is for clinicians to gather information for decision-making purposes.  Below illustrates a detailed account of how Dr. Bailey did just that.

When Are Therapists Returning to the Office?  The Results Are In - Dr. Bailey Bryant
I’m a psychologist, a therapist, a practice owner, and a highly confused individual. The past two months were quite the emotional roller coaster as I transitioned my group practice to telehealth overnight. In early March I struggled to make the decision to shift to telehealth due to analysis paralysis and so I did what all healthy adults do- I turned to Facebook (tongue in cheek). I put up a Facebook poll in the Cincinnati Area Therapist Network group and quickly saw the emerging trend of therapists making the call to go to telehealth only. The poll and the comments tipped the scales and gave me the data, support, and confidence to make the shift. Once I decided to transition to telehealth only, and after I brushed up on my telehealth ethics and sent out my consent forms, I breathed a sigh of relief. The next few days were a bit challenging but then I settled in and I have been in front of a computer screen ever since. 

Flash forward to today and I find myself again stuck in analysis paralysis. As restrictions are lifting, people are emerging from the shadows and therapists are starting to come out from behind their computer screens. Now I feel more confused than ever. We are allowed to leave our homes and patron businesses, but should we? We can meet with clients in person, but is that safe? How do I proceed in opening my doors to clients? Is it any safer now than it was in March? How do I clean the office? Do I take clients’ temperatures? There is a never-ending thread to pull and my anxious brain is having a heyday finding all the loose strings.

I took the liberty to create another survey asking therapists in the Cincinnati area about their plans for returning to in-person sessions and the precautions they intend to implement. This survey was somewhat more sophisticated than my initial poll and I was shocked when 60 mental health therapists responded. When I viewed the results of my first Facebook poll in early March I felt that I had data to support a decision; I did not have the same experience with this most recent survey as results were divided and there was no consensus.  If you review my results here, you will see that the philosophies on our responsibilities as practitioners to prioritize safety also varied widely. 

Reactions- Dr. Keelan Quinn
After reviewing the results of Dr. Bryant’s survey, I felt a sense of relief that I am not alone when I ask the question “What do we do?”  Like many others (I hope), I am interrogating every professional contact I see with “What are you are doing to stay safe?,” “What do your clients think?,”  “Can we get in trouble for returning to the office?,” or “Are people really suing over a public health crisis?”  These are scary times, but knowing what others are doing provides reassurance and helps calm my anxiety.  I feel better learning from others and hearing examples of what they are doing.  Seeing there were are no certainties or perfect answers among the survey results was initially disappointing, but then oddly validating.    

Reading the quotes within the survey results was especially powerful.  Some discuss interesting ways to meet client needs, while others focus on how some are taking precautions during this COVID-era.  Many of the quotes repeated the same worries that cycle through my head using my exact words- Will I lose clients?, Will I have to stop working?, What if I unknowingly contract COVID and pass it along to others?, or Am I being careless by working in the office with those who cannot do telehealth?  For someone who always has a plan A, B, and sometimes C, the uncertainty of the world today has been difficult to acknowledge and adjust to.  This experience with COVID has been a great life lesson that continues to teach me that I cannot control everything.  In the past couple months, I have become more patient, accepting, and, above all else, flexible.  Before, I would not have been able to handle the unknown, but with this experience, it is getting a bit easier each and every day.  This survey provided me a sense of validation and connection.  Knowing I am not alone and that there are no right or wrong answers now was especially comforting.  

What I do know as a certainty is that my clients still need services.  They are experiencing just as much stress and confusion as we clinicians do, and I refuse to abandon those who have come to depend on their appointments.  I am more than happy to focus on what I can control and that is how I provide clinical services.  The only thing we can do is think through the options, make an informed decision based on our beliefs and clinical judgment, document, and proceed.  

Dr. Bryant has created another survey focusing on how clinicians are making the decision of whether or not to return to in-person services.  I imagine the results to that survey will be just as informative and helpful in calming my nerves as the last and I look forward to seeing what comes up.  Go here to TAKE THE SURVEY.



Disclaimer: This post is for informational purposes only and it is intended to assist other clinicians in the practice of psychology.  It is not intended for legal, ethical, or medical advice.  

Dr. Bailey Bryant is a Licensed Clinical Psychologist in the Cincinnati area.  She the owner of Hello Mental Health and Good Therapy LLC as well as the founder of Health Match 360.

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Mask Shaming and New Social Divides during the Pandemic

Posted By Kelly Martincin, PhD | Communications and Technology Committee Co-Chair, Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Written by: Kelly Martincin, Ph.D., Co-chair of OPA Communications and Technology Committee, Chair of OPA Public Sector Interests Committee

As with all CTC blog postings, this column is not intended for medical, legal, or ethical advice; it is purely for information sharing and is the experience of one psychologist attempting to be useful to her peers during a very difficult time.  This past week, my heart has been a bit heavier than usual during many of my therapy sessions with patients.  Instead of talking about common symptoms of depression and anxiety that were coming up earlier in this pandemic, new themes of feeling “othered” have begun coming up.  One patient mentioned that she has been wearing a mask not only because she worries about her health, but also because “what will others think?” if she is out at the grocery store and not in a mask.  She worried that she would be judged as someone who is being reckless and callous to the health of others.  It has also come up on the listserv and in conversations with colleagues about those who cannot wear masks due to pulmonary or other medical conditions - are they experiencing judgment and discrimination?  Perhaps they are, and these are individuals who are already at high medical risk of complications if they were to contract COVID 19.  To add a new layer of stress and fear of judgment on top of the health-related terrors not likely to be helpful for these individuals.  

Several other patients this week brought up current political divides in our nation at the moment, including feelings of fear and sadness related to protests in Michigan, Columbus, and even events in Washington.  Some of these patients identified as Republicans, some as Democrats, but the common theme was feelings of fear and feeling “misunderstood” by “the others” and the belief that there is a growing gap between “us and them” in our nation.  Each had worries about their health and the health of their families, each had worries about the economy and wanting our nation to be prosperous, but it was clear that they believed there was no opportunity for productive dialogue with people whom they perceived to be “the others” at this time.  

In yet another demonstration of how we are divided as a nation, other patients were bringing up personal reactions to events from the news this week; particularly, events related to the shooting deaths of Ahmaud Arbrey and Breonna Taylor.  We had discussions of their thoughts on how they feel being a person of color right now, fears for family members that reside in Kentucky or Georgia, and fears of participating in everyday activities such as jogging or going to sleeping alone in one’s home. They continue to have fears for their health and safety and are asking big questions about race and equality that are not easily answered, but must not be ignored.  

As psychologists, we’ve all rooted our life’s work in the advancement of health and wellness for others.  Social justice is woven into everything we do, however advancement of mental health is simply not possible when division is negatively influencing lives.  Currently social division is present in small ways such as worries about interactions at the grocery store, in ways that some consider to be more ambiguous such as political divisions, and in some of the most serious ways - ways that compromise the literal safety of many individuals engaging in common daily activities.   While the pandemic is obviously not responsible for this division, it is likely highlighting tensions that were already simmering.  Also, not every major disaster results in this sort of division.  Recall the days after September 11th when our nation felt united in every way.  It is possible to band together and make a change.  

If you are similar to me, you may feel as if these are huge problems and you are just one person, so where does one even start to make a difference?  How can one even begin to advocate for others or even begin to conceptualize how to impact social justice initiatives in any meaningful way in the midst of a pandemic?  I personally start with education, first for myself and then I try to share what I learn with others.  For instance, some people might not be aware that African Americans and Latinos are dying of COVID 19 at higher rates than other racial groups (see the CDC website for more information).  This is obviously a new phenomenon and I look forward to seeing peer reviewed research on why this might be and what can be done. Having conversations about this, having conversations about healthcare disparities, and having educational conversations with one another using information from reliable resources on these topics is an important first step in the advancement of equality.  

Next, we all need to be active in our nation’s political process at both the state and national levels.  During the pandemic, OPA leaders have been in touch with state leadership about ongoing mental health services during the crisis, but your voice should be heard too.  Not sure who your congressman is?  Click here and enter your zip code  (my congressman conveniently has his email listed, your’s likely does too).  Don’t forget this is a major election year!  Have you moved recently or do you need to double check that you are registered to vote?  Visit the state’s voter registration site for more information.  Your local government likely has similar pages for any local needs that are easily found in a quick Google search.  Make sure the issues that are important to you are heard by representatives at every level of government.  

Finally, we all might be continuing to shelter in place and adhering to social distancing guidelines, but there are still ways to make others aware of critical issues that are going on in the world right now.  I use my personal social media to share causes I care about and I also follow OPA’s social media pages for updates on what OPA is doing for social justice and advocacy.  If you want to be more involved in OPA’s efforts, OPA has committees for advocacy and diversity that would love to have your help!  Please reach out if you would like to be connected and help with these efforts.  

Have questions or an idea for a future CTC blog post?  Email Dr. Kelly Martincin


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Considerations for In-Person versus Telepsychology Sessions as we Return to the Physical Office

Posted By Karen J. Hardin, Monday, May 11, 2020

Written by: Keelan Quinn, PhD., Co-chair of OPA Communications and Technology Committee

As Ohio's Stay at Home order gradually begins lifting, many psychologists may slowly begin returning to the physical office. Although the original choice to close and that of whether to return may not be yours, depending on the setting where you practice, the choice of which clients/patients to see in-person versus through telepsychology may be.  Like so many other scenarios in this field, there are no concrete answers as to how to make this decision. To help with this process, the American Psychological Association (APA) has provided a number of guidelines for us to consider as we brave this next phase of COVID-19.  

Considerations for In-Person Sessions
APA published an excellent article written by Galietti, Wright, Higuchi, and Bukfa (2020) describing the process of returning to the office.  It can be found here and I highly recommend everyone read this informational piece.  Among other considerations for the process of returning to the physical office included in the article, the following are guidelines specific to determining whether in-person services are necessary:  

  • Review state and local orders: verify whether or not in-person sessions are advisable before moving forward with in-person sessions.  
  • Technological access and competence: consider whether the client/patient has continued and secure access to a telepsychology platform and is able to understand and use it competently.  Treatment may be impacted if issues arise in any of these areas.
  • Progress and mental health risks: consider the diagnosis, whether the service is ongoing, and if the client/patient is making progress through telepsychology.  Those who may benefit from resuming in-person therapy may include those who appear to be worsening, are in acute crisis, pose of safety risk, or who require a more intense level of care that is not met via telepsychology.  
  • Next phase of treatment: consider whether it is feasible to continue working with the client/patient remotely of if the next steps of treatment may require face-to-face contact.
  • Review the physical risks: psychologists need to be aware of any and all physical health risks, which include the possible transmission of COVID-19 during in-person sessions.  Assess the client/patient’s health and consider whether the individual’s behaviors (e.g., willingness to follow social distancing rules and other health-conscious recommendations), health, occupation, and exposure to others place him/her at a higher risk for contracting the virus and spreading it to others through in-person sessions.  
  • Clinician health: do not put your own health, or that of your family, staff, or other patients at risk.  You are not ethically or professionally obligated to offer in-person services to your clients/patient.
  • Documentation: just like every other aspect of therapy, it is very important to document each step of the process you take when making this decision.  This includes noting the client/patient’s clinical progress, discussions about the benefits and risks of telepsychology, plans for next steps, and rationale for why you believe providing services via in-person or telepsychology is clinically appropriate.  APA is currently working on an informed consent form for in-person services specifically for this period of COVID-19.  A sample can be found here.  

Telepsychology Guidelines
The majority of psychologists have undoubtedly been using telepsychology as a primary delivery of services for the last couple months. For many, the transition to telepsychology was sudden and mandatory as businesses and offices were immediately closed to reduce the spread of COVID-19.  Although using telepsychology may now be second nature for many of us, it is always helpful to review the recommended guidelines of use.  A copy of the guidelines provided by Ohio Psychological Association (OPA) is found here while APA’s guidelines can be found here

Both associations highly recommend an assessment of the appropriateness of using telepsychology for each individual client/patient.  This includes examining the potential benefits (e.g., accessibility, convenience, etc.) of delivering telepsychology services relative to the risks (e.g., additional screen time, not in-person, safety, etc.).  Both should be communicated to the client to help him/her understand potential options.   

APA provides additional guidelines that may be helpful to determine which clients may be appropriate to begin or continue telepsychology services.  The following suggestions under the Standards of Care in the Delivery of Telepsychology Service guideline are just a few to consider in this decision-making process:

  • Progress and mental health risks: consider the diagnosis and whether the presenting concerns can safely and efficiently be treated through telepsychology.  
  • Client/patient preference for telepsychology: many individuals continue being hesitant to leave their homes and enter public places, and for good reason.  Take into account each client/patient’s physical health status and comfort level regarding coming into the office.  Client preference does not have to be the sole determinate of whether or not to continue telepsychology. 
  • Client/Patient competence: consider the client/patient’s familiarity with and competency for using the specific technology platform involved in providing telepsychology services.  
  • Remote environment: assess carefully whether the client/patient has the capacity and access to resources necessary to continue services via telepsychology.  This includes verifying the client/patient has a confidential space for services with limited distractions and interruptions.

Whether you decide to work in-person or to begin/continue through telepsychology, it is important to examine each client/patient individually.  Assess the appropriateness of in-person sessions versus telepsychology for each individual client/patient and the unique presenting concern.  Continue monitoring client/patient progress no matter the choice you make.  It does not have to be a permanent decision or an either/or scenario; some clinicians are electing to provide a combination of both options depending on the specific case.  Examples include seeing new clients/patients in-person until rapport is built before transitioning to telepsychology services; scheduling an in-person session every third or fourth session; and asking those at high-risk to be seen in-person.  No matter your decision, documentation is extremely important during this time.  Note each step of your decision-making process, discuss it with clients/patients, and add it to his/her file.  

Have questions or an idea for a future CTC blog?  Email Keelan Quinn.  

Disclaimer: This post is for informational purposes only and it is intended to assist other clinicians in the practice of psychology.  It is not intended for legal, ethical, or medical advice.  

Galietti, C., Wright V., Higuchi, S., and Bufka, L.  (2020, May 1).  COVID-19: When is it OK to resume in-person services?  American Psychological Association Services, Inc.  https://www.apaservices.org/practice/news/in-person-services-covid-19

Joint Task Force for the Development of Telepsychology Guidelines for Psychologists. (2013). Guidelines for the practice of telepsychology. American Psychologist, 68(9), 791–800. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035001

Ohio Psychological Association Communications and Technology Committee.  (2008).  Telepsychology guidelines.  https://telehealth.org/wpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/TelepsychologyGuidelinesApproved041208.pdf

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Doing therapy with masks and other considerations as we all face the “new normal.”

Posted By Karen J. Hardin, Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Written by: Kelly Martincin, Ph.D., Co-chair of OPA Communications and Technology Committee, Chair of OPA Public Sector Interests Committee

As with all CTC blog postings, this column is not intended for medical, legal, or ethical advice; it is purely for information sharing and is the experience of one psychologist attempting to be useful to her peers in a very difficult time.  To share a bit about my background, I’m a health psychologist working in interdisciplinary care environments. I have been working from home only part time, spending 60% of my time in the medical clinic working  with the medical team whom I’ve grown to love as family and who don’t have the option of working from home.  I work for a large hospital system where many decisions about masks and other personal protective equipment (PPE) are out of my hands, so I realize I don’t have to make many of the decisions that colleagues in private practice might be making.  I’ve spoken with friends who wonder “Should I wear a mask when my patients come back to the office?” or similarly “Should I ask patients to be wearing masks in my office?” and “How often should I be sanitizing surfaces?” and “When should I be transitioning from mostly telepsychology back to regular appointments?” and “How long can I delay testing appointments?”  All of these are obviously complex questions with no easy answers.  Even then, the answers might vary widely from person to person and practice to practice.  Here I’ll provide some resources and considerations that  myself and some other practitioners  will be doing in the coming months to give others food for thought as you decide what is right for you, your patients, and your individual practice.  

Recently, the listserv was very active with the “to mask or not to mask” question.  I come down on the “wear a mask” side of the argument.  The CDC has recommended we all wear masks due to the risk that we all may be carrying COVID 19 for weeks before showing symptoms.  I am still doing mostly phone or video appointments and will be for at least another month, if not longer per the guidance of leadership at the hospital where I work, but on the rare occasion when I do see a patient in person right now, I always wear a mask (it has recently become mandatory in my facility, but this is consistent with my values on this subject).  We also wear masks around the office when it’s just staff to avoid possible employee to employee transmission of the virus, and patients are asked to wear masks when they are in the clinic.  I have frank and open conversations with patients about this experience.  What typically starts out as “this is weird that we’re both wearing masks'' often quickly turns into “I’m afraid of…(insert health/finances/future)” and becomes a very deep and meaningful conversation.  Having worked in medical settings, this was not the first time I had done a therapy session wearing a mask and my concern is always that I am less able to convey non-verbal information.  This is a similar concern during the many telephone sessions that I’ve been doing lately.  When wearing a mask or doing telephone sessions, I’ve begun sharing “I’m smiling” or “that makes me feel very sad” when I know my face is less able to express what I would prefer to share.  It’s not a perfect solution, but it’s one thing I’m able to do.  An additional worry I have is for individuals who have sensory impairments.  I have yet to come across this, but I worry that masks will get in the way if a person is hearing impaired and relies on lip reading and facial expressions.  I look forward to hearing what colleagues who work closely with this population might be doing to help with this while still taking precautions.  One thing I’m noticing though is that the mask conversations are becoming less frequent.  Wearing masks in public is quickly becoming the norm.  Major store chains are now requiring masks for both employees and shoppers, so I think many people are coming to expect this in healthcare settings as well.  I will personally continue to invite the conversations with patients I see in person, but I have a feeling that it will become less and less of an issue.

I was recently discussing sanitation in the office with a colleague and how to keep everyone as safe as possible in the office.  Presently, I am wiping down my office with hospital approved sanitizing wipes once a day or before and after I see a patient in person in my office (which is rare, as the majority of my appointments are presently phone and video). The staff in the clinic where I work continue wiping down the rest of the clinic multiple times a day.  My office will also almost permit me to sit nearly six feet from another person.   I’ve spoken with colleagues who are coming up with great creative solutions for situations where sitting six feet apart is impossible, such as assessment.  There are products on the market such as clear acrylic barriers that sit on stands and have cut outs in the bottom, so you can sit closely at a table and administer assessments with some protection between you and your patient (these cost roughly $150).  I’m sure others will be coming up with other great ideas for sanitation when the time is right to transition back to mostly in-person services. 

Speaking of the time being right to transition back to in person services, when will that be?  As I said earlier in the post, for my location, my leadership has indicated that we will continue providing primarily telehealth services for a while yet, but this is what they have determined is right for our location.  I have had some great opportunities to talk to psychologists around the state of Ohio who work in many different settings with many different populations and they are doing many different things.  This is a highly personal decision that each psychologist will have to make for him and herself and the patients.  Each practice is far too different to offer any kind of blanket thoughts on the subject.  Luckily, we have some great resources to help you as you make that decision:  

  • If you are looking for general information on COVID 19, national policy, or keeping yourself and others safe, the Center for Disease Control is the place to start.  They have a wealth of information ranging from highly technical info geared at physicians to symptom checklists and suggestions for coping that is meant for all audiences.  
  • For concerns more specific to Ohio, OPA’s Pandemic Resource page has a wealth of information!  Info on inter-state telepsychology laws, the latest insurance info from Dr. Jim Broyles, and so much more is available on this page.  It’s updated regularly so check back often.  
  • American Psychological Association also has a great resource page on a very wide variety of topics.  They also have been offering free seminars on topics such as telepsychology, but these have been filling up fast so keep an eye out for these offerings! 
  • The Suicide Prevention Resouce Center has info specifically on treating patients via telehealth during COVID 19.  This is a great reminder of best practices for some of our highest risk patients.   
  • You’ve likely heard that domestic violence has been on the rise due to COVID 19.  If your patient or someone else in your life needs resources, check out the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence website. 

Some extras: 

  • Headspace is offering free meditation during COVID 19. 
  • For a cool distraction, the National Park Service website has “virtual getaways.”  This one honors Asian American and Pacific Islander Month, featuring Minidoka National Historic Site.  If you or your patients are missing travel, there is a lot of really neat content online for “virtual travel.”   
  • If outdoor distractions aren’t your thing, The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York has an excellent Art at Home section on their website full of awesome content.  

Have questions or an idea for a future CTC blog post?  Email Kelly Martincin.

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Is Zoom the right choice for your practice?

Posted By Kelly Martincin, PhD | Communications and Technology Committee Co-Chair, Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Zoom... What psychologists might want to know before implementing use into your practice.  

Over the past month, many psychologists across the state have been learning a great deal about telehealth and videoconferencing.  For some of us, the curve has been very steep, for others the transition has been a little easier.  For me personally, I’ve used the teleconference platform Zoom for meetings previously, but it has now become a part of my daily life as so much more than meetings.  Get-togethers with friends, family events, and even my book club has moved to using this popular platform in the wake of the COVID 19 pandemic.   Most importantly for OPA members is that many psychologists across the state are adopting it for telepsychology.  Even though I work for a medical system that provides its own telepsychology platform, I did the research for what many practitioners probably want to know about Zoom.

Is Zoom HIPAA compliant?  Yes and no.  This depends on what plan you are using.  Zoom’s most popular plan is the free option, which has a few limitations including not being HIPAA compliant and limiting the user to 40 minute sessions.  The free option doesn’t have important features such as a Business Associate Agreement (BAA), which is an agreement of shared risk in the rare event that there would be a breach of privacy, thus it is not HIPAA compliant.  Zoom does offer a HIPAA compliant plan starting at $200 a month for 10 hosts.  This might be a bit pricey for small practices, but it could be a good fit for larger groups.  Keep in mind that right now there is a government waiver in place that we are not required to use HIPAA compliant platforms due to the pandemic, so you are able to use the free Zoom account as long as you take reasonable precautions to protect your patients’ privacy.  It is unclear how long that waiver will remain in place, but the State of Ohio will likely give us plenty of warning for when it will expire.

Speaking of patient privacy, what about security?  Similar to everyone else, I was very concerned when I heard about “Zoom bombing” (cases of interlopers disturbing meetings in a troublesome fashion).  Some of these stories were a little humorous (students interrupting a school board meeting and making noises of various bodily functions), but some were horrifying (a man’s dissertation defense being disrupted in a malicious fashion).   For telepsychology, any of the above would clearly be completely unacceptable.  Zoom has multiple security features that you will be able to use on the free version.  Sessions can be password protected and there is also a neat “waiting room feature” where the host can see who is waiting to enter the meeting and only allow the proper people to enter (an awesome feature for group therapy).  Once you are in the session, you can also click the “security” icon in the bottom middle right of the screen to “lock” the meeting and no one else will be able to enter after that.   Also of note, since these events began occurring, the Zoom team has been working diligently to enhance their encryption services (there any many news reports about this) and they are rolling out new features all the time.  

What special features might be helpful to know about when I’m doing therapy?  Beyond knowing how to use the security features mentioned above, one of the most helpful features to know about when working with patients would be the screen share feature (click “share screen” icon in the bottom middle of the screen).  This allows you to show what is on your computer screen in the event you would want to show your patient a handout or brief film clip.  With this feature, there is also a white board option that turns your screen into a white board for you to illustrate a point.   For group therapy, the chat box can be helpful for people to add text for questions or comments while someone else is talking (“chat” icon bottom middle of screen).  There are also features for creating a poll or recording the session if those would be helpful to you.  A final fun feature I’d like to mention is the ability to change your background (for example, the screen would show you sitting in a tranquil meadow or whatever image you choose instead of your office).  Friends who work with child and adolescent populations say this is a big hit with kids!  To do this, find the up carrot (^) next to the “start video” icon and click “choose virtual background.”  From there, find the plus sign (+) in the lower right of the box to “add image” and add a previously downloaded image from your computer.  Then you can click on that image and whatever image you have chosen (for Zoom meetings with friends, it’s my favorite Australian beach!) is now your background.  If you want to undo this, it’s the same process; once you are in the “choose virtual image” feature choose “none.”  

The decision about whether the use of Zoom is right for you and your practice is a highly personal one, but many people are finding it helpful to at least be familiar with the platform as more and more meetings are being held on Zoom.  It is possible that this will be a trend that will continue even post-pandemic due to the ease of use and popularity of Zoom. 

Have a topic that you’d like to see covered in a future Communication and Technology Committee's (CTC) blog post?  Please email Dr. Kelly Martincin, Co-Chair of the Communications and Technology Committee and let CTC do the research for you!

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